Phytoremediation and modeling of contaminated soil using eastern gamagrass and annual ryegrass Academic Article uri icon


  • The effectiveness of a warm season grass (eastern gamagrass), a cool season grass (annual ryegrass) and a rotation of warm and cool season grasses in the remediation of soil freshly contaminated with trinitrotoluene (TNT) and polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs) was evaluated. A total of 96 columns were filled with a Weswood silt loam soil that was mixed with TNT and PBB compounds to a target concentration of 10 mg of each contaminant. Chemical losses during this two-year field lysimeter experiment were similar for all experimental treatments and at all depths. Although higher microbial biomass was found in the rhizosphere soil, enumeration of soil microorganisms revealed a robust population in both the bulk and rhizosphere soils and the microbial growth was not dependent on root exudates only. Microbial degradation rates in the freshly contaminated soil were more affected by soil properties and the chemical characteristics of the contaminant than the presence of roots. The field data collected from the lysimeter experiment was used to calibrate a recently developed phytoremediation model. The phytoremediation computer model successfully simulated TNT soil concentrations in the column lysimeters. The model may be a valuable tool for the selection and optimization of phytoremediation methods at contaminated field sites. 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Sung, K., Munster, C. L., Corapcioglu, M. Y., Drew, M. C., Park, S., & Rhykerd, R.

citation count

  • 11

complete list of authors

  • Sung, K||Munster, CL||Corapcioglu, MY||Drew, MC||Park, S||Rhykerd, R

publication date

  • November 2004