EVALUATION OF THE CSM-CROPGRO-COTTON MODEL FOR THE TEXAS ROLLING PLAINS REGION AND SIMULATION OF DEFICIT IRRIGATION STRATEGIES FOR INCREASING WATER USE EFFICIENCY Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • 2015 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers. Cotton is one of the major crops cultivated in the Texas Rolling Plains region, and it is a major contributor to the regional economy. Cotton cultivation in this region is facing severe challenges due to an increase in the frequency of droughts and a projected decrease in rainfall in the future. Development and evaluation of deficit irrigation strategies for this region could potentially conserve water while maintaining cotton yields. In this study, the Decision Support System for Agrotechnology Transfer (DSSAT) Cropping System Model (CSM) CROPGRO-Cotton was extensively tested and then used for evaluating various deficit irrigation strategies for this region. The model inputs were obtained from field experiments conducted at Chillicothe, Texas, during four growing seasons: 2008-2010 and 2012. The model was first calibrated using the data from a 100% evapotranspiration (ET) replacement irrigation scheduling experiment conducted in 2012 and then validated on three other irrigation scheduling treatments (75% ET replacement, soil moisture based, and tensiometer based) conducted in the same year. The model was further evaluated using the data from cotton tillage and irrigation experiments conducted in an adjacent field during 2008-2010. The model calibration, validation, and evaluation results were satisfactory except under dry conditions (0% ET replacement and 33% ET replacement). Simulated maximum seed cotton yields under normal and dry weather conditions were achieved at 100% and 110% ET replacement, respectively. Percentage decrease in seed cotton yield was marginal (3.5% to 8.8%) when the amount of irrigation water applied was decreased from 100% to 66% ET replacement under normal rainfall conditions. However, under less than normal rainfall (drier) conditions, the percentage decrease in seed cotton yield was substantial (about 17.5%) when the irrigation strategy was switched from 100% to 70% ET replacement. The simulations demonstrate that adopting deficit irrigation practices under normal weather conditions can conserve water without adversely affecting seed cotton yields. However, under dry conditions, there is a risk of increased yield loss, and therefore producers should consider that risk when adopting deficit irrigation strategies.

published proceedings

  • TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASABE

author list (cited authors)

  • Modala, N. R., Ale, S., Rajan, N., Munster, C. L., DeLaune, P. B., Thorp, K. R., Nair, S. S., & Barnes, E. M.

citation count

  • 36

complete list of authors

  • Modala, NR||Ale, S||Rajan, N||Munster, CL||DeLaune, PB||Thorp, KR||Nair, SS||Barnes, EM

publication date

  • January 1, 2015 11:11 AM