Wide genetic diversity of Rosa damascena Mill. germplasm in Iran as revealed by RAPD analysis Academic Article uri icon


  • The genetic relationships among 41 Rosa damascena accessions from various cultivation areas of Iran and one accession from Bulgaria were analyzed using 31 RAPD (Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA) primers. Each primer exhibited 3-12 banding patterns for a total of 343 scorable and 184 polymorphic bands. The combination of 11 primers was found optimal for discrimination of 42 accessions with very low values of cumulative confusion probability (9.7 10-5); indicating that only one pair from over 10,000 distinct pairs of accessions would be indistinguishable. Unweighted pair group method cluster analysis based on similarity values revealed 10 groups at the distance of 0.85. The Bulgarian genotype grouped with the majority of the Iranian genotypes in a main cluster. Results of molecular variance analysis (AMOVA) indicated that the major proportion (65.7%) of the total genetic variation was within collecting provinces rather than between them. The wide genetic variation seen for R. damascena in Iran indicates that Iran is a center of genetic diversity for this species and that there is a promising future for the breeding. 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Kiani, M., Zamani, Z., Khalighi, A., Fatahi, R., & Byrne, D. H.

citation count

  • 28

complete list of authors

  • Kiani, Mahnaz||Zamani, Zabihollah||Khalighi, Ahmad||Fatahi, Reza||Byrne, David H

publication date

  • January 2008