Characterization and expression of rpoC2 in CMS and fertile lines of sorghum. Academic Article uri icon


  • A 165 bp deletion in the middle of rpoC2, the plastid gene which encodes the RNA polymerase beta" subunit, was identified in the small-anthered types of CMS sorghum, Sorghum bicolor (L.). Moench, containing A1, A2, A5, and A6 cytoplasms. It was previously shown that the amino acid sequence deleted in these CMS lines is in a monocot-specific region that contains several protein motifs that are characteristic of several transcription factors. Using primers flanking the deletion in PCR analyses, various types of CMS lines, some of which are used in hybrid sorghum production, were classified into two groups. CMS lines containing A1, A2, A5, A6 cytoplasms display the deletion in rpoC2. These lines have small anthers in which pollen development is arrested at an early stage and in which usually only empty exines are found. CMS lines containing A3, A4, and 9E cytoplasms do not possess the deletion. These lines have large anthers in which pollen degenerates at a later stage. Run-on transcription assays using 15 chloroplast genes showed that chloroplast gene transcription rates are similar in CMS and fertile (maintainer and restorer) lines and F1 in seedling leaves. Analyses of RNA blots indicated that rbcL, rpoB and rpoC2 transcripts are accumulated mainly in the leaves and low in the inflorescence tissues and pollen. These data document plastid gene expression in leaves and non-photosynthetic tissues from CMS and fertile lines of sorghum.

published proceedings

  • Plant Mol Biol

author list (cited authors)

  • Chen, Z., Schertz, K. F., Mullet, J. E., DuBell, A., & Hart, G. E.

citation count

  • 16

complete list of authors

  • Chen, Z||Schertz, KF||Mullet, JE||DuBell, A||Hart, GE

publication date

  • August 1995