Supersonic Boundary Layers with Periodic Surface Roughness
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In the present study, the effects of large-scale periodic surface roughness on a high-speed (M = 2.86), high Reynolds number (Re 60,000), supersonic turbulent boundary layer was examined. Two roughness topologies (square and diamond) were compared with an aerodynamically smooth wall. The measurements included planar contours of the mean and fluctuating velocity, pitot pressure profiles, pressure-sensitive paint, and schlieren photography. The local strain-rate distortion parameters for the square roughness pattern were small ( - 0.01), and the mean and turbulent flow properties followed the canonical rough-wall boundary-layer trends. The diamond-shaped roughness topology produced a pattern of attached oblique shocks and expansion waves that led to strong distortion parameters. The distortions varied from - 0.3 to 0.4 across the roughness elements, which resulted in localized extra turbulence production that generated large periodic variations in the turbulence levels across individual roughness elements that spanned the boundary-layer thickness; for example, the Reynolds shear stress varied by 100%. This result demonstrated a mechanism for altering the turbulence in supersonic boundary layers. Copyright 2007 by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. All rights reserved.
author list (cited authors)
Ekoto, I. W., Bowersox, R., Beutner, T., & Goss, L.
complete list of authors
Ekoto, Isaac W||Bowersox, Rodney DW||Beutner, Thomas||Goss, Larry