her-2 upstream open reading frame effects on the use of downstream initiation codons. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The her-2 (neu, erbB-2) oncogene encodes a 185-kDa transmembrane receptor tyrosine kinase. HER2 overexpression occurs in numerous primary human tumors and contributes to 25-30% of breast and ovarian carcinomas. Synthesis of HER2 is controlled in part by an upstream open reading frame (uORF) present in the transcript. We used synthetic capped and polyadenylated mRNAs containing sequences derived from the 5' region of the her-2 transcript fused to a firefly luciferase (LUC) reporter to examine this uORF's effect on translation in cell-free systems derived from reticulocytes, wheat germ and Neurospora crassa, and in RNA-transfected HeLa cells. The uORF reduced translation of the downstream cistron in all systems. [(35)S]Met labeling of in vitro translation products obtained indicated that the uORF also affected downstream start-site selection. Primer extension inhibition (toeprint) assays of ribosomes loaded at initiation codons in reticulocyte lysates indicated that the uORF affected the interaction of ribosomes with the primary her-2 AUG codon.

published proceedings

  • Biochem Biophys Res Commun

author list (cited authors)

  • Spevak, C. C., Park, E., Geballe, A. P., Pelletier, J., & Sachs, M. S.

complete list of authors

  • Spevak, Christina C||Park, Eun-Hee||Geballe, Adam P||Pelletier, Jerry||Sachs, Matthew S

publication date

  • January 1, 2006 11:11 AM