Family Caregivers of Persons With Spinal Cord Injury: Predicting Caregivers at Risk for Probable Depression
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OBJECTIVE: To determine the percentage of family caregivers of persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) with probable depression and to test the hypothesis that dysfunctional problem-solving abilities would be significantly predictive of risk status after taking into account important demographic characteristics and caregiver health. DESIGN: Correlational and logistic regression analyses of data collected in a cross-sectional design. PARTICIPANTS: Eighteen men and 103 women caregivers (mean age of caregivers = 45.66 years, SD = 12.88) of individuals with SCI. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The Inventory to Diagnose Depression. RESULTS: Nineteen caregivers (15.7%) met criteria on the Inventory to Diagnose Depression for a major depressive disorder. A dysfunctional problem-solving style was significantly predictive of caregiver depression, regardless of the severity of physical impairment of the care recipient or the physical health of the caregiver and caregiver demographic variables. CONCLUSIONS: The percentage of caregivers with probable depressive disorder may parallel that observed among persons with SCI, using a more conservative self-report measure designed to assess symptoms associated with a depressive syndrome. Family caregivers with a dysfunctional problem-solving style and assisting individuals with more severe injuries may have probable depression.
author list (cited authors)
Dreer, L. E., Elliott, T. R., Shewchuk, R., Berry, J. W., & Rivera, P.