Evolution of electromechanical and morphological properties of piezoelectric thin films with thermomechanical processing Academic Article uri icon


  • 2016 Elsevier Ltd Piezoelectric polymers (PVDF and its co-polymers) in film and nanofiber forms are increasingly used for sensing, actuation and energy harvesting. Given the semi-crystalline structure of these polymers, their electromechanical coupling behavior changes with thermomechanical processing. This article reports on the evolution of the mechanical properties, piezoelectric properties and morphology of P(VDF-TrFE) poly[(vinylidenefluoride)-co-trifluoroethylene] piezoelectric polymer thin films fabricated by spin-coating during thermal annealing and drawing, studied via tensile test, polarized optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction, polarized FTIR, and piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM). The results show that annealing and drawing process result in 10 and 13 folds improvement in the elastic modulus and strength of the films, respectively. In addition, the piezoelectric constant and electromechanical coupling improves by 30% and more than 17 times, respectively. These changes are accompanied by 65% increase in the percentage of the crystallinity of the semi-crystalline piezoelectric films, compared to the as-fabricated films.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Xu, Z., Baniasadi, M., Moreno, S., Cai, J., Naraghi, M., & Minary-Jolandan, M.

citation count

  • 25

complete list of authors

  • Xu, Zhe||Baniasadi, Mahmoud||Moreno, Salvador||Cai, Jizhe||Naraghi, Mohammad||Minary-Jolandan, Majid

publication date

  • December 2016