Microinjection of mouse phospholipase C zeta complementary RNA into mare oocytes induces long-lasting intracellular calcium oscillations and embryonic development. Academic Article uri icon


  • Methods presently used to activate mare oocytes for assisted reproduction technologies provide low rates of advanced embryonic development. Because phospholipase Czeta (PLCzeta) is the postulated sperm-borne factor responsible for oocyte activation at fertilisation, the aim of the present study was to investigate the pattern of [Ca(2+)](i) oscillations and developmental rates achieved by microinjection of three concentrations of mouse PLCzeta complementary (c) RNA (1, 0.5 or 0.25 microg microL(-1)) into mare oocytes. The frequency of [Ca(2+)](i) oscillations was no different (P > 0.05) after injection of 1, 0.5 or 0.25 microg microL(-1) PLCzeta cRNA (41.1 +/- 5.3, 47 +/- 4.0 and 55.4 +/- 9.0, respectively). However, [Ca(2+)](i) oscillations persisted longest (P < 0.05) for oocytes injected with 0.5 microg microL(-1) PLCzeta cRNA (570.7 +/- 64.2 min). There was no significant difference in cleavage rates after injection of the three concentrations of PLCzeta (P > 0.05; range 97-100%), but the proportion of oocytes reaching advanced stages of embryonic development (>64 nuclei) was significantly lower for oocytes injected with 0.25 microg microL(-1) PLCzeta cRNA (3%) than for those injected with 1 microg microL(-1) PLCzeta cRNA (15%). Based on these results, microinjection of PLCzeta may prove an effective and consistent method for the parthenogenetic activation of mare oocytes for nuclear transfer and provides a physiologically relevant tool with which to study fertilisation-dependent [Ca(2+)](i) signalling in this species.

published proceedings

  • Reprod Fertil Dev

author list (cited authors)

  • Bedford-Guaus, S. J., Yoon, S., Fissore, R. A., Choi, Y., & Hinrichs, K.

citation count

  • 25

complete list of authors

  • Bedford-Guaus, Sylvia J||Yoon, Sook-Young||Fissore, Rafael A||Choi, Young-Ho||Hinrichs, Katrin

publication date

  • October 2008