Recovery of mare oocytes on a fixed biweekly schedule, and resulting blastocyst formation after intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Academic Article uri icon


  • Oocytes may be collected from live mares from either the stimulated preovulatory follicle or from all visible immature follicles. We evaluated the yield of mature oocytes, and of blastocysts after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), for both follicle types. In Experiment 1, mares were assigned to Progesterone (1.2g biorelease progesterone weekly) or Control treatments. Transvaginal aspiration of all follicles was performed every 14 d. Overall, 596 follicles were aspirated, with a 54% oocyte recovery rate. There was no difference between treatments in number of follicles punctured (9.0 to 9.1) or oocytes recovered (4.8 to 5.0) per mare per aspiration session. Of 314 oocytes recovered, 180 (57%) matured in culture. Thirty-six mature oocytes were subjected to ICSI; 33% formed blastocysts (63% per mare per aspiration session). In Experiment 2, the preovulatory follicle was aspirated every 14 d for three to four cycles. Prostaglandin F(2 alpha) was given on Days 6 and 7 after aspiration. A follicle >or=25 mm in diameter was present on Day 13, the day of deslorelin administration, in 23 of 24 cycles, and ovulatory response (granulosa expansion) was seen in 24 of 25 follicles aspirated. Blastocyst development after ICSI was 41% per injected oocyte, or an estimated 33% per mare per aspiration session. We concluded that both aspiration of immature follicles and aspiration of the preovulatory follicle can be performed effectively every 14 d without monitoring ovarian follicular growth. As performed in these separate experiments, aspiration of immature follicles provided more blastocysts per aspiration session.

published proceedings

  • Theriogenology

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Jacobson, C. C., Choi, Y., Hayden, S. S., & Hinrichs, K.

citation count

  • 69

complete list of authors

  • Jacobson, Candace C||Choi, Young-Ho||Hayden, Shelby S||Hinrichs, Katrin

publication date

  • January 2010