ATP regeneration by thermostable ATP synthase Academic Article uri icon


  • We investigated the possibility of using thermostable ATP synthase (TF0F1) for a new ATP regeneration method. TF0F1 was purified from a thermophilic bacterium, PS3, and reconstituted into liposomes. ATP synthesis experiments showed that TF0F1 liposomes could synthesize ATP in micromole concentrations by acid-base change. The acid-base change was repeated six times over an 11-day period with no detectable loss of activity at the reaction temperature (45C). Given these encouraging results, we conceptualized and modeled a system to synthesize ATP using ATP synthase with energy supplied by acid-base change. In this system, liposomes containing ATP synthase are immobilized on small glass spheres that facilitate separation of buffers from the liposomes after the acid-base change. Compared to an alternate system that uses membranes to separate the buffers from the liposomes, the glass spheres reduce inefficient mixing of acidic and basic buffers during the acid-base change. To increase the ATP synthesis yield, this system uses electrodialysis to regenerate a potassium gradient after the acid-base change. It also employs water-splitting electrodialysis to regenerate KOH and HCl required to adjust the pH of acidic and basic buffers. All reagents are recycled, so electrical energy is the only required input.

published proceedings

  • Biotechnology and Bioengineering

author list (cited authors)

  • Nam, K. Y., Struck, D. K., & Holtzapple, M. T.

citation count

  • 3

complete list of authors

  • Nam, KY||Struck, DK||Holtzapple, MT

publication date

  • August 1996