Irradiation effects and hydrogen behavior in H2+ and He+ implanted γ-LiAlO2 single crystals Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • © 2016 Elsevier B.V. Gamma-phase lithium aluminate (γ-LiAlO2) is a breeder material for tritium, a necessary substance for strategic stockpile and fusion power systems. A fundamental study of structural evolution and tritium diffusion in γ-LiAlO2 under displacive irradiation is needed to fully assess the material performance. This study utilizes ion implantation of protium (surrogate for tritium) and helium in γ-LiAlO2 single crystals at elevated temperatures to emulate the irradiation effects. The results show that at 573 K there are two distinct disorder saturation stages to 1 dpa without full amorphization; overlapping implantation of H2+ and He+ ions suggests possible formation of gas bubbles. For irradiation to 1021 H+/m2 (0.36 dpa at peak) at 773 K, amorphization occurs at surface with H diffusion and dramatic Li loss; the microstructure contains bubbles and cubic LiAl5O8 precipitates with sizes up to 200 nm or larger. In addition, significant H diffusion and release are observed during thermal annealing.

author list (cited authors)

  • Jiang, W., Zhang, J., Kovarik, L., Zhu, Z., Price, L., Gigax, J., ... Senor, D. J.

citation count

  • 22

complete list of authors

  • Jiang, Weilin||Zhang, Jiandong||Kovarik, Libor||Zhu, Zihua||Price, Lloyd||Gigax, Jonathan||Castanon, Elizabeth||Wang, Xuemei||Shao, Lin||Senor, David J

publication date

  • February 2017