OneDimensional Constitutive Modeling of Asphalt Concrete
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This paper presents a mechanistic approach to constitutive modeling of asphalt concrete under complicated repetitive loading conditions with rest periods. From an extensive literature review, two mechanisms are identified as important to understanding of inelastic stress-strain behavior of asphalt concrete: viscoelastic relaxation and fatigue as a damage accumulation process. The nonlinear viscoelastic correspondence principle developed by Schapery is applied to separate the influences of these two mechanisms to the stress-strain hysteresis behavior of asphalt concrete. The damage growth in asphalt concrete beam samples is modeled by a damage parameter that is based on a generalization of microcrack growth law. In the verification stage, a random sequence of multilevel loading with random durations of rest periods was applied. The resulting constitutive equation satisfactorily predicts the effect of the sequence of the load applications of varying magnitudes, as well as the beneficial effect of rest periods. © ASCE.
author list (cited authors)
Kim, Y. R., & Little, D. N.