CHARACTERIZATION OF NONLINEAR VISCOELASTIC BEHAVIOR USING A DYNAMIC-MECHANICAL APPROACH
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The authors present a method to characterize nonlinear viscoelastic behavior using measurements from dynamic (oscillatory) mechanical tests. Frequency-derived measurements are transformed into time-domain properties providing the capability to predict long-term material performance without a lengthy experimentation program. Results are presented for thin-film high-performance polymer materials used in the fabrication of high-altitude scientific balloons. Predictions based on a linear test and analysis approach are shown to deteriorate for moderate to high stress levels expected for long-duration balloon systems. Tests verify that nonlinear viscoelastic response is induced by large stresses. Thus, an approach is developed in which the stress-dependent behavior is examined in a manner analogous to modeling temperature-dependent behavior with time-temperature correspondence and superposition principles. The development leads to time-stress correspondence and superposition of measurements obtained through dynamic mechanical tests. Predictions of material behavior using measurements based on linear and nonlinear approaches are compared with experimental results obtained from traditional creep tests. Excellent agreement is shown for the nonlinear model. © 1995, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc., All rights reserved.
author list (cited authors)
STRGANAC, T. W., LETTON, A., PAYNE, D. F., & BISKUP, B. A.
complete list of authors
STRGANAC, TW||LETTON, A||PAYNE, DF||BISKUP, BA