Myoelectric activity of the cecum and proximal loop of the ascending colon in cows.
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Six Jersey cows were implanted with 8 pairs of bipolar electrodes: 1 in the jejunum, 1 in the ileum, 3 in the cecum, and 3 in the proximal loop of the ascending colon (PLAC). Myoelectric activity was recorded at 2- to 3-day intervals, 3 times for 8 hours or 4 times for 6 hours, using a computer-based oscillograph and data-acquisition program. Mean (+/- SD) duration of the migrating myoelectric complex (MMC) in the ileum was 84.52 +/- 4.87 minutes. Phases I and II of the MMC lasted significantly (P < 0.05) longer than phase III. Two types (A and B) of cyclic activity were found in the cecum and PLAC. Cyclic activity type A was observed predominantly in the cecum, and type B was observed exclusively in the PLAC. Phase III of the MMC in the ileum was accompanied by hyperactivity type A at the level of the ileocecocolic junction in 60.90 +/- 12.65% of the MMC. Twenty-seven types of orally and aborally propagated spike sequences, involving the cecum and PLAC, were found. They were most frequent when an MMC phase III was observed in the ileum, and least frequent when an MMC phase I was observed in the ileum (P < 0.05). All electrode sites of the cecum and PLAC served as pacemaker areas. Propagated and nonpropagated spikes were found at all electrode sites of the cecum and PLAC. Although propagated spikes lasted significantly (P < 0.05) longer than nonpropagated spikes, a clear distinction on the basis of duration could not be defined between the 2 spike types because broad overlapping of duration existed.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)