Effects of intra-articular administration of dimethylsulfoxide on chemically induced synovitis in immature horses. Academic Article uri icon


  • The effects of intra-articular administration of dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) on chemically induced synovitis in the middle carpal joint of 6 weanling horses were evaluated. Following aseptic collection of synovial fluid, the middle carpal joint of each forelimb was injected with 50 mg of Na-monoiodoacetate to induce synovitis. Eight days after injection, synovial fluid was obtained and the right middle carpal joints were injected with 2 ml of 40% DMSO in lactated Ringer solution. The corresponding joints of the left limb (control) were injected with 2 ml of lactated Ringer solution. Sampling and treatments were repeated on post-injection days 11 and 14, for a total of 3 treatments. Horses were visually evaluated daily for lameness and joint effusion. Synovial fluid was evaluated for color and clarity, differential and total WBC count, total protein content, and hyaluronic acid concentration. The Kaegi gait analysis system provided an objective assessment of lameness prior to inducing synovitis, again on day 7, and on day 17. At necropsy (day 17), synovial fluid, synovial membrane, and articular cartilage specimens were collected. Joint effusion was evident 12 hours after injection of Na-monoiodoacetate in all joints. Mild lameness was evident at 24 hours; however, the lameness resolved by 72 hours. Objective assessment of lameness did not reveal significant differences between treatment or control limbs. Hyaluronic acid concentrations increased significantly (P = 0.023) above baseline values in most joints over the study period. Synovial fluid WBC counts increased significantly (P = 0.002) following Na-monoiodoacetate injection and remained significantly (P = 0.002) above baseline values throughout the study.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

published proceedings

  • Am J Vet Res

author list (cited authors)

  • Welch, R. D., Watkins, J. P., DeBowes, R. M., & Leipold, H. W

citation count

  • 23

complete list of authors

  • Welch, RD||Watkins, JP||DeBowes, RM||Leipold, HW

publication date

  • June 1991