Effect of Rotor Geometry and Blade Kinematics on Cycloidal Rotor Hover Performance
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This paper describes the systematic performance measurements conducted to understand the role of rotor geometry and blade pitching kinematics on the performance of a microscale cycloidal rotor. Key geometric parameters that were investigated include rotor radius, blade span, chord, and blade planform. Because of the flow curvature effects, the cycloidal-rotor performance was a strong function of the chord/radius ratio. The optimum chord/radius ratios were extremely high,around 0.5-0.8, dependingonthe blade pitching amplitude. Cycloidal rotors with shorterblade spans had higher power loading (thrust/power), especiallyatlower pitching amplitudes. Increasing the solidity of the rotor by increasing the blade chord, while keeping the number of blades constant, produced large improvements in power loading. Blade planform shape did not have a significant impact, even though trapezoidal blades with a moderate taper ratio were slightly better than rectangular blades. On the blade kinematics side, higher blade pitching amplitudes were foundtoimprove the power loadingofthe cycloidal rotor. Asymmetric pitching with a higher pitch angle at the top than at the bottom produced better power loading. The chordwise optimum pitching axis location was observed to be around 25-35% of the blade chord. The power loading of the optimized cycloidal rotor was higher than that of a conventional microrotor. 2012 by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc.
author list (cited authors)
Benedict, M., Jarugumilli, T., & Chopra, I.
complete list of authors
Benedict, Moble||Jarugumilli, Tejaswi||Chopra, Inderjit