Sequential probability ratio test for collision avoidance maneuver decisions based on a bank of norm-inequality-constrained epoch-state filters Conference Paper uri icon

abstract

  • Sequential probability ratio tests explicitly allow decision makers to incorporate false alarm and missed detection risks, and are potentially less sensitive to modeling errors than a procedure that relies solely on a probability of collision threshold. Recent work on constrained Kalman filtering has suggested an approach to formulating such a test for collision avoidance maneuver decisions: a filter bank with two norm-inequality-constrained epoch-state extended Kalman filters. One filter models the null hypothesis that the miss distance is inside the combined hard body radius at the predicted time of closest approach, and one filter models the alternative hypothesis. The epoch-state filter developed for this method explicitly accounts for any process noise present in the system. The method appears to work well using a realistic example based on an upcoming highly-elliptical orbit formation flying mission.

author list (cited authors)

  • Carpenter, J. R., Markley, F. L., Alfriend, K. T., Wright, C., & Arcido, J.

publication date

  • December 2012