Direct and indirect shoot and bulblet regeneration from cultured leaf explants of Lilium pumilum, an endangered species Academic Article uri icon


  • Alternative methods of in vitro cloning that involve both adventitious (direct) and callus intermediate (indirect) pathways were investigated for the endangered species Lilium pumilum. Plantlet regeneration was obtained from leaf explants, cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) basal medium supplemented with various combinations of auxins and cytokinins at different concentrations. About 30% of the explants directly formed adventitious shoots on MS medium containing 8.88 M 6-benzyladenine (BA) and 2.69 M -naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA). For production of regenerable callus, callus formation followed by shoot induction was best when explants were initially cultured on MS medium supplemented with 9.05 M 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D). Regenerable calli were yellow or purple and readily regenerated shoots when subcultured onto MS medium containing 2.22 M BA and 1.61 M NAA. About 78% of the calli were able to produce adventitious shoots. Shoots were rooted on half-strength MS medium supplemented with 1.34 M NAA and were successfully acclimatized to greenhouse conditions. This report describes an efficient method for the in vitro multiplication of whole plants from leaf explants of the endangered species L. pumilum. 2013 The Society for In Vitro Biology.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Jin, S., Wang, J. i., Wang, X., Sun, D., Li, G., Genovesi, A. D., & Liu, S.

citation count

  • 12

complete list of authors

  • Jin, Shumei||Wang, Ji||Wang, Xinwang||Sun, Dan||Li, Guoliang||Genovesi, AD||Liu, Shengkui

publication date

  • January 2014