Evaluation of the Osteoinductive Capacity of Polydopamine-Coated Poly(-caprolactone) Diacrylate Shape Memory Foams.
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Recently, a novel shape memory polymer foam based on the photopolymerization of poly(-caprolactone) diacrylate (PCLDA) has been developed. These PCLDA foams enter a temporary softened state when briefly treated with warm saline (T saline > T m of PCLDA), allowing them to conform to irregular bone defect "boundaries" prior to shape setting. When coated with a mechanically stable polydopamine (PD) layer, these PCLDA foams have previously been demonstrated to induce hydroxyapatite deposition. In the present study, the osteoinductivity of these "self-fitting" PD-coated PCLDA (PD-PCLDA) materials was evaluated relative to uncoated PCLDA (U-PCLDA) controls using bone marrow-derived human mesenchymal stem cells (h-MSCs). When cultured in the absence of osteogenic media supplements, PD-PCLDA scaffolds expressed similar levels of Runx2, alkaline phosphatase, and osteopontin protein as U-PCLDA scaffolds cultured in the presence of osteogenic media supplements. In addition, PD-PCLDA scaffolds cultured without osteogenic supplements did not significantly promote undesired lineage progression (e.g., adipogenesis or chondrogenesis) of h-MSCs. Cumulatively, these data indicate that PD-PCLDA materials display increased osteoinductivity relative to U-PCLDA substrates. Future studies will examine tethered osteogenic factors or peptides toward augmenting the osteoinductive properties of the PD-PCLDA foams.
author list (cited authors)
Erndt-Marino, J. D., Munoz-Pinto, D. J., Samavedi, S., Jimenez-Vergara, A. C., Diaz-Rodriguez, P., Woodard, L., ... Hahn, M. S.
complete list of authors
Erndt-Marino, Joshua D||Munoz-Pinto, Dany J||Samavedi, Satyavrata||Jimenez-Vergara, Andrea C||Diaz-Rodriguez, Patricia||Woodard, Lindsay||Zhang, Dawei||Grunlan, Melissa A||Hahn, Mariah S