Should Grouted Anchors Have Short Tendon Bond Length?
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Field measurements associated with the behavior of ten low-pressure grouted anchors installed with a hollow stem auger at the National Geotechnical Experimentation Site at Texas A&M University are presented. The anchors were 0.3 m in diameter and embedded 13.8 m in a stiff to very stiff clay. Six anchors had a tendon bond length of 4.6 m and four had a tendon bond length of 9.2 m. All anchors were load tested to near failure, some were subjected to creep tests, and some to long-term relaxation tests. This study evaluates the load distribution in the soil, grout, and steel tendon; the shear strength of the soil-grout interface compared to engineering soil properties; the relationships between the ultimate load, the creep failure load, the creep threshold load, and the design load; the creep movement rate under load; and the load loss as a function of time. The results show that anchors with shorter tendon bond lengths have higher ultimate capacities and lower creep rates, and transfer the load further away from the supported structure.