Hyperlipidemia disorders in dogs
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Lipid disorders are common in dogs, with most arising from secondary causes such as endocrine imbalances, cholestatic liver disease, or protein-losing nephropathies. Two primary lipid disorders - idiopathic hyperlipidemia in miniature Schnauzers and hypercho-lesterolemia in briards - are also recognized. Visualization of a lipemic fasted blood sample or elevated plasma cholesterol or triglyceride in combination with clinical assessment is the method by which most lipid disorders are diagnosed. Cholesterol and triglyceride are components of larger molecules called lipoproteins, which have a complex and highly regulated metabolism that is important to understand when altered by lipid disorders.
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