Volterra series-based system analysis of random wave interaction with a horizontal cylinder Academic Article uri icon


  • The response of a long flexible cylinder excited by random waves in a large model basin was investigated. The linear and non-linear physical mechanisms associated with the wave-cylinder interaction were analysed using system identification and modelling techniques. A third-order frequency domain Volterra model and its orthogonalized counterpart were used to analyse the relationships between wave elevations at various locations in the vicinity of the cylinder and cylinder acceleration data at various cylinder longitudinal locations. It was found that linear mechanisms dominate, particularly at the frequency band where the majority of the wave energy is located. At higher frequencies, the cubic component of the Volterra model is the main contributor to the total model coherence, i.e. the fraction of the measured output power that can be approximated by the model output, whereas the quadratic component's contribution to the total model coherence was in general quite small. This process of identification and quantification of the non-linear mechanisms of the unknown physical system can lead to the design of improved parametric models for the cylinder response, which should by design simulate non-linearities such as the ones identified by the Volterra model. The estimated linear and non-linear Volterra transfer functions were also used to predict the cylinder acceleration under excitation inputs not used in the estimation of the model transfer functions. The good match between predicted and measured output auto-power spectra suggests that the estimated transfer functions are indeed true models of the underlying physical mechanisms of the interaction. However, the latter can only be achieved if a minimum number of data segments, as determined by an error analysis involving modelling and prediction errors, is used in the estimation of the Volterra transfer functions.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Sibetheros, I. A., Rijken, O. R., & Niedzwecki, J. M.

citation count

  • 5

complete list of authors

  • Sibetheros, IA||Rijken, OR||Niedzwecki, JM

publication date

  • March 2000