The Effect of Noncontingent Positive Versus Negative Reinforcement on Multiply Controlled Behavior During Discrete Trial Training Academic Article uri icon


  • Challenging behaviors with multiple functions are often difficult to treat as function-based treatments may interfere with one another. Noncontingent reinforcement may be one efficient and effective means of treating multiply controlled behavior. The purposes of this study were to compare the use of noncontingent tangible reinforcement (NCT) to noncontingent escape (NCE) with two young children with autism who engaged in multiply controlled challenging behavior. Second, we wished to examine the effect of NCT and NCE on compliance during discrete trial training. A reversal design with an embedded alternating treatment design was used to compare NCT and NCE. The NCT treatment resulted in greater reductions of challenging behavior than the NCE treatment for both participants. Compliance during discrete trial training increased under both NCT and NCE treatments. 2012 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Rispoli, M., Ganz, J., Neely, L., & Goodwyn, F.

citation count

  • 12

complete list of authors

  • Rispoli, Mandy||Ganz, Jennifer||Neely, Leslie||Goodwyn, Fara

publication date

  • February 2013