Measurement and analysis of Particle Impact Damping Academic Article uri icon


  • Particle Impact Damping (PID) is a means for achieving high structural damping by the use of a particle-filled enclosure attached to the structure in a region of high displacements. The particles absorb kinetic energy of the structure and convert it into heat through inelastic collisions between the particles and the enclosure, and amongst the particles. PID is measured for a cantilevered aluminum beam with the damping enclosure attached to its free end; lead particles are used in this study. The effect of acceleration amplitude and clearance inside the enclosure on PID is studied. PID is found to be highly nonlinear. The maximum Specific Damping Capacity (SDC) is about 50%, which is more than one order of magnitude higher than the intrinsic material damping of a majority of structural metals (O (1%)). Driven by the experimental observations, an elementary analytical model of PID is constructed. A satisfactory comparison between the theory and the experiment is observed. An encouraging result is that in spite of its simplicity, the model captures the essential physics of particle impact damping.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Friend, R. D., & Kinra, V. K.

citation count

  • 5

complete list of authors

  • Friend, RD||Kinra, VK

editor list (cited editors)

  • Hyde, T. T.

publication date

  • January 1999