Metabolic and antioxidant enzyme activities in the diaphragm: effects of acute exercise.
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Disruption of cellular constituents including inhibition or "downregulation" of metabolic enzyme activity has been associated with free radical stress in locomotor muscle with acute, strenuous exercise. However, the effects of acute, strenuous exercise on important metabolic and antioxidant enzyme activity levels in the diaphragm are unknown. Twenty 4-month-old and twenty 24-month-old female Fischer-344 rats were divided at random into young exercised (YE; n = 10)/old exercised (OE; n = 10); young control (YC; n = 10)/old control (OC; n = 10) groups. Animals in both young and old exercise groups ran on a treadmill (10% uphill grade) for 40 min at approximately 75% of age group VO2 max. Immediately following the treadmill run, both exercise and control groups were euthanized with sodium pentobarbital. Costal (COD) and crural diaphragm (CRD) were quickly removed and frozen in liquid nitrogen. Lipid peroxidation was significantly increased (P < 0.05) in COD of YE vs. YC rats. Activity of the antioxidant enzyme glutathione peroxidase (GPX) was unaltered in the diaphragm by acute exercise (P > 0.05) in both age groups. There was a significant increase in superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity with exercise (P < 0.05). Post-hocs revealed SOD activity was approximately 20% greater (P = 0.066) in YE CRD only. Activities of the metabolic enzymes phosphofructokinase (PFK), succinate dehydrogenase (SDH), and citrate synthase (CS) were not affected by acute exercise in YE or OE. Strenuous exercise resulted in a small trend towards a decrease in 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (HADH) activity in YE COD (P = 0.115) and YE CRD (P = 0.082). We conclude that the employed bout of exercise induces some free radical stress, while metabolic enzymes are protected, in the diaphragm.
author list (cited authors)
Lawler, J. M., Powers, S. K., Van Dijk, H., Visser, T., Kordus, M. J., & Ji, L. L.
complete list of authors
Lawler, JM||Powers, SK||Van Dijk, H||Visser, T||Kordus, MJ||Ji, LL