Ability of mononuclear phagocytes from cattle naturally resistant or susceptible to brucellosis to control in vitro intracellular survival of Brucella abortus.
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The role of bovine mammary macrophages and peripheral blood monocyte-derived macrophages in natural resistance to bovine brucellosis was evaluated. A group of 11 naturally resistant and 10 chronically infected susceptible cows was studied following challenge with Brucella abortus. Macrophages from a greater proportion (P less than 0.026) of naturally resistant cows were significantly superior to macrophages from susceptible cows in their ability to inhibit the in vitro intracellular replication of B. abortus after challenge exposure. Studies of a second group of cows used mammary macrophages from 12 heifers and blood monocyte-derived macrophages from 22 bulls and heifers. These tests were completed before exposure to B. abortus, using mammary macrophages (P less than 0.039) and blood monocyte-derived macrophages (P less than 0.045), and also showed that macrophages from naturally resistant cattle were significantly superior in their ability to control the in vitro intracellular replication of B. abortus. Our data indicate that the mononuclear phagocytes from more than 80% of the resistant cattle controlled intracellular replication of B. abortus significantly better than did mononuclear phagocytes from susceptible cattle. Mononuclear phagocyte function appears to be an important factor in determining natural resistance to bovine brucellosis.
author list (cited authors)
Price, R. E., Templeton, J. W., Smith, R., & Adams, L. G.