Induction of lymphocyte responsiveness by the outer membrane-peptidoglycan complex of rough strains of Brucella abortus. Academic Article uri icon


  • The outer membrane-peptidoglycan complex (OM-PG) from rough strains of Brucella abortus was tested for its ability to induce lymphocyte responsiveness in cattle. Six groups of heifers were immunized with varying doses and administration schedules of rough OM-PG and assayed for responsiveness of their lymphocytes in proliferation assays in vitro. All OM-PG preparations were emulsified in a commercial adjuvant for administration. Two other groups of heifers were immunized with strain 19 vaccine or adjuvant alone. Three groups of heifers received two inoculations of OM-PG antigens from a naturally-occurring rough strain at a 57-day interval. The doses of OM-PG given in these three groups were 400 micrograms, 1200 micrograms, and 4000 micrograms at each inoculation. The frequency of cows that responded in lymphocyte proliferation assays increased with the dose of OM-PG given. Two groups received single inoculations of OM-PG, either 2400 micrograms or 8000 micrograms. Although there were responsive cows in these immunization groups, their frequency was lower than in the groups receiving the same total dose in two inoculations. A sixth group of cows was inoculated with OM-PG from a rough transposon mutant of B. abortus, and the frequency of responsive cows in this immunization group was comparable to that of responsive cows immunized with the same dose of OM-PG from the spontaneous rough mutant. In comparisons of cows inoculated with strain 19 to those inoculated with OM-PG preparations, differences were observed in the relative responsiveness of their lymphocytes to whole cells and OM-PG in the in vitro lymphocyte proliferation assays. These differences suggested that lymphocytes stimulated by strain 19 vaccination have different specificities than those stimulated by immunization with OM-PG of rough mutant strains of B. abortus.

published proceedings

  • Vet Immunol Immunopathol

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Smith, R., Adams, L. G., Sowa, B. A., & Ficht, T. A.

citation count

  • 12

complete list of authors

  • Smith, R||Adams, LG||Sowa, BA||Ficht, TA

publication date

  • January 1990