Squeezing effect in a driven coupled-oscillator system: A dual role of damping
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We investigate in detail the role of a reservoir concerning the squeezing effect in a driven coupled-oscillator system. In our model, a harmonic oscillator (single cavity mode) is coupled to a two-state oscillator (two-level atom) driven by a classical field. The oscillators are coupled to their respective reservoirs, by which the oscillators are damped. The degree of squeezing in the short-time limit is found to be independent of the damping rate of the harmonic oscillator in a perturbative regime. More remarkably, the harmonic oscillator, which is in a coherent state in the absence of its reservoir, gets squeezed in the steady state when it is coupled to the reservoir. The reservoir assumes two competing roles of assisting and suppressing the squeezing effect induced by the nonlinear interaction of the coupled oscillators. As a result, the squeezing effect is increased to some extent with the damping rate of the harmonic oscillator. In addition, the matching condition for the optimal squeezing is obtained such that the pumping field intensity should be inversely proportional to the damping rate. 2003 The American Physical Society.
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