Nutritional evaluation of fatty acids for the open thelycum shrimp,Litopenaeus vannamei: I. Effect of dietary linoleic and linolenic acids at different concentrations and ratios on juvenile shrimp growth, survival and fatty acid composition
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A 6-week feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the nutritional value of dietary linoleic (18:2n-6, LOA) and linolenic (18:3n-3, LNA) acids for juvenile Litopenaeus vannamei by determining their effects on growth, survival and fatty acid composition of hepatopancreas and muscle tissue. Diets were formulated to contain 5% total lipid. A basal diet contained only palmitic and stearic acids, each at 2.5% of diet. Six diets contained one of three levels (0.25, 0.5 and 1%) of either LOA or LNA, and three diets had different ratios of LNA/LOA (1, 3, 9) at a combined inclusion level of 0.5% of diet. An additional diet contained 0.5% of a mixture of n-3 highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFA). The fatty acid profile of hepatopancreas and muscle of shrimp reflected the profile of the diets. HUFA of the n-3 family showed higher nutritional value than LOA or LNA for juvenile L. vannamei by producing significantly (P < 0.05) higher final weight and weight gain. Neither LOA nor LNA, alone or in combination, improved growth significantly compared with shrimp fed the basal diet. Thus, dietary requirements for LOA and LNA were not demonstrated under these experimental conditions.
author list (cited authors)
Gonzlez-Flix, M. L., Lawrence, A. L., Gatlin, D. M., & Perez-Velazquez, M.
complete list of authors
GonzÁlez-FÉlix, ML||Lawrence, AL||Gatlin, DM||Perez-Velazquez, M