Nutritional evaluation of fatty acids for the open thelycum shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei : II. Effect of dietary n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated and highly unsaturated fatty acids on juvenile shrimp growth, survival, and fatty acid composition Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • This study evaluated the nutritional value of dietary n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) such as linoleic (LOA) and linolenic (LNA) acids, and highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFA) such as arachidonic (AA), eicosapentaenoic (EPA), and docosahexaenoic (DHA) acids for juvenile Litopenaeus vannamei, based on their effects on growth, survival, and fatty acid composition of hepatopancreas and muscle tissue. Diets contained 5% total lipid. A basal diet contained palmitic and stearic acids each at 2.5% of diet. Five diets contained 0.5% dry weight of LOA, LNA, AA, EPA, or DHA. An additional diet evaluated HUFA in combination by supplementing at 0.5% of diet, a mixture of n-3 HUFA. All HUFA showed higher nutritional value than PUFA for shrimp and produced significantly (P < 0.05) higher final weight, weight gain, and total lipid in shrimp muscle. Fatty acid profiles of shrimp tissues reflected the composition of the dietary lipids. In general, saturated fatty acids were more abundant in the neutral factions, while PUFA and HUFA were more abundant in the polar fractions of tissues. Under these experimental conditions, HUFA had much greater nutritional value than PUFA for juvenile L. vannamei; moreover, dietary requirements for PUFA were not demonstrated.

published proceedings

  • Aquaculture Nutrition

altmetric score

  • 6

author list (cited authors)

  • Gonzlez-Flix, M. L., Gatlin III, D. M., Lawrence, A. L., & Perez-Velazquez, M.

citation count

  • 55

complete list of authors

  • González-Félix, ML||Gatlin III, DM||Lawrence, AL||Perez-Velazquez, M

publication date

  • April 2003