Dietary cholesterol and lecithin have limited effects on growth and body composition of hybrid striped bass (Morone chrysopsM. saxatilis) Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The effects of cholesterol and lecithin on growth and body composition of juvenile hybrid striped bass (Morone chrysops M. saxatilis) were investigated by feeding juvenile hybrids (initial weight 5.0 g) diets containing cholesterol at either 0 or 1% and lecithin at either 0, 2, 4, or 6% in a 2 4 factorial design. Each of the eight diets was fed to fish in triplicate 38-L aquaria maintained as a brackish water recirculating system for 8 weeks. Weight gain, feed efficiency, muscle ratio and hepatosomatic index were not significantly (P > 0.05) affected by dietary supplementation of cholesterol or lecithin. Supplementation of the diet with lecithin at 4 and 6% significantly (P < 0.05) decreased intraperitoneal fat accumulation regardless of dietary cholesterol level. Neither muscle nor liver lipid levels were significantly altered by dietary supplementation of cholesterol or lecithin although both liver and plasma lipid classes were affected. Dietary cholesterol decreased concentrations of liver and plasma free fatty acids and liver phospholipids while increasing concentrations of liver triglycerides and plasma phospholipids. Dietary lecithin did not consistently affect plasma and liver lipid classes although changes in phospholipid levels approaching significance (P = 0.0502 and P = 0.0513, respectively) were observed. Thus it is concluded that dietary supplementation with cholesterol or lecithin had no substantial beneficial effects on growth or body composition of juvenile hybrid striped bass.

published proceedings

  • Aquaculture Nutrition

author list (cited authors)

  • Sealey, W. M., Craig, S. R., & Gatlin, D. M.

citation count

  • 25

complete list of authors

  • Sealey, WM||Craig, SR||Gatlin, DM

publication date

  • March 2001