Dietary threonine requirement of juvenile hybrid striped bass (Morone chrysops M. saxatilis ) Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Two growth studies were conducted to determine the dietary threonine requirement of reciprocal cross hybrid striped (sunshine) bass. Semipurified diets were prepared with crystalline amino acids and lyophilized fish muscle to supply 350 g crude protein kg diet. The basal diet contained 4.9 g threonine kg from fish muscle, and test diets were supplemented with graded levels of L-threonine. In the first experiment, fish initially averaging 9.8 g each were fed diets containing threonine levels of 4.9. 7.5. 10.0, 12.5, 15.0 and 17.5 g kg-1 dry diet for? weeks. Weight gain, feed efficiency and protein efficiency ratio (PHR) were significantly (P < 0.01) influenced by dietary threonine level. Based on weight-gain responses, a threonine requirement ( SE) of 8.4 ( 0.8) g kg-1 dry diet was determined, and dietary threonine levels of 10.0 g kg-1 diet or greater resulted in the highest levels of free threonine in plasma. Based on the results of the first experiment, a second feeding trial was conducted with diets containing threonine levels of 4.9, 6.5, 8.0, 9.5, 11.0 and 12.5 g kg-1 dry diet. Fish initially averaging 3.0 g each were fed each diet for 8 weeks. Weight gain, feed efficiency and PER values of fish were markedly improved, with increases in dietary threonine up to 8.0 g kg-1 dry diet. Regression analysis of weight gain, feed efficiency and PER data using the broken-line model resulted in threonine requirement estimates of 9.7, 8.5 and 8.6 g kg-1 dry diet, respectively. Based on these data, the threonine requirement of juvenile sunshine bass was determined to be 9.0 g kg-1 dry diet or 26 g kg-1 of dietary protein.

published proceedings

  • Aquaculture Nutrition

author list (cited authors)

  • Keembiyehetty, C. N., & Gatlin III, D. M.

citation count

  • 35

complete list of authors

  • Keembiyehetty, CN||Gatlin III, DM

publication date

  • December 1997