A real time fault analysis tool for monitoring operation of transmission line protective relay Academic Article uri icon


  • This paper proposes an integrated real time fault analysis tool for transmission line. The two primary techniques used in the fault analysis tool, fuzzy adaptive resonance theory (ART) neural network and synchronized sampling, can offer accurate fault detection, classification, internal/external fault differentiation, and fault location. The paper makes several extensions of the two techniques so that they can fit well in the realistic situations. The hardware configuration and software implementation are proposed in the paper. A comprehensive evaluation study is implemented to compare the proposed fault analysis tool with the traditional distance relay. Simulation results indicate that the integration exemplifies the advantages of both techniques and that the integrated solution has much better performance in different system conditions compared to distance relay. Both dependability and security of transmission line protection system are improved by using the proposed tool. 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Zhang, N., & Kezunovic, M.

citation count

  • 34

complete list of authors

  • Zhang, Nan||Kezunovic, Mladen

publication date

  • March 2007