Design, implementation and validation of a real-time digital simulator for protection relay testing Academic Article uri icon


  • This paper presents implementation details describing a new design of a real-time digital simulator for relay testing. The simulator is developed under requirements to utilize as much as possible the low cost commercial computer hardware and system software support. The other requirements ask for a three-terminal support with extensive Graphical User Interface (GUI) and the simulation time step as low as 50s. Such a design has been built for Western Area Power Administration (WAPA) and fully validated using a model of an actual WAPA system section. The simulator was delivered to WAPA in March 1994. 1995 IEEE.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Kezunovic, M., Domaszewicz, J., Skendzic, V., Aganagic, M., Bladow, J. K., McKenna, S. M., & Hamai, D. M.

citation count

  • 38

complete list of authors

  • Kezunovic, M||Domaszewicz, J||Skendzic, V||Aganagic, M||Bladow, JK||McKenna, SM||Hamai, DM

publication date

  • January 1996