The Big Picture Smart Research for Large-Scale Integrated Smart Grid Solutions
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The evolutionary path of the U.S. electricity grid is at a historical crossroads. Decisions must soon be made about the direction of grid development so that it can meet extraordinary economic challenges, critical needs for energy security, and essential requirements for a sustainable way of life. This is a defining moment in terms of our nation's commitment to providing an electric energy system, including a bulk transmission network, that can meet the societal needs of the 21st century and beyond. A major evolutionary step in the grid's design, planning, and operation is needed, one that adopts new design concepts and innovative technologies that can be integrated into a modern infrastructure. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) provided a number of opportunities to achieve these far-reaching objectives. 2012 IEEE.