Differential Expression of Proteins in Listeria monocytogenes Under Thermotolerance-Inducing, Heat Shock, and Prolonged Heat Shock Conditions Academic Article uri icon


  • Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen capable of employing stress adaptive responses to evade a variety of stressors including temperature stress. We employed two-dimensional gel electrophoresis coupled with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight analysis to study the differential expression of L. monocytogenes (ATCC 43256) soluble proteins at heat shock (60 degrees C) conditions, prolonged heat shock (60 degrees C for 9 minutes) conditions, and thermotolerance-inducing (48 degrees C for 30 minutes followed by 60 degrees C for 9 minutes) conditions. We compared the proteome of L. monocytogenes under these conditions to the proteome at 37 degrees C. Eighteen proteins were differentially expressed at 60 degrees C (6 up-regulated and 12 down-regulated), 21 proteins were differentially expressed (12 up-regulated and 9 down-regulated) when the cells were exposed to 60 degrees C for 9 minutes, and 20 proteins were differentially expressed (10 up-regulated and 10 down-regulated) when cells were initially exposed to 48 degrees C for 30 minutes before 60 degrees C for 9 minutes. There was one unidentifiable protein with observed molecular weight of 50 kDa which was differentially expressed across the three temperature treatments. Thermotolerance-inducing conditions caused the up-regulation of a protein by as much as 12-fold. DnaN, a previously identified stress protein, was up-regulated almost threefold at 60 degrees C. TcsA, a lipoprotein (CD4 T cell-stimulating antigen), and Gap (glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate-dehydrogenase) were selectively expressed under prolonged heat shock conditions suggesting their potential as candidate marker proteins targets for identifying temperature-stressed L. monocytogenes cells.

author list (cited authors)

  • Ágoston, R., Soni, K., Jesudhasan, P. R., Russell, W. K., Mohácsi-Farkas, C., & Pillai, S. D.

citation count

  • 15

publication date

  • November 2009