The applicability of hns and fimA primers for detecting Salmonella in bioaerosols associated with animal and municipal wastes Academic Article uri icon


  • The ability to rapidly screen environmental samples for specific pathogens such as Salmonella spp., is of particular importance in molecular epidemiology. Although gene amplification reactions allow the rapid detection of microorganisms, the use of appropriate oligonucleotide primers targeted against specific microbial genes is critical for accurate detection specificity and sensitivity. Primers such as fim A and hns have been previously shown to be specific for pure cultures of Salmonella. However, the analysis of environmental samples requires post-amplification hybridizations to detect amplicons, since the presence of inhibitory environmental components reduces amplification efficiency of the target organism. These sensitive post-amplification approaches also enable the detection of spurious amplification from non-target sequences. Bioaerosols associated with animal facilities and municipal wastes contain a diverse array of pathogens including Clostridium spp. In our studies, hybridization sensor data revealed spurious amplification of clostridial species with Salmonella hns primers. Specificity checks using type cultures of Clostridium spp. revealed non-specific amplification by hns primers. These results suggest that fim A primers may be better suited to screen Salmonella-specific sequences in environmental samples, especially those obtained from animal and municipal waste facilities.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Endley, S., Pena, J., Ricke, S. C., & Pillai, S. D.

citation count

  • 9

complete list of authors

  • Endley, S||Pena, J||Ricke, SC||Pillai, SD

publication date

  • June 2001