Toward a Multilevel Framework to Examine the Underrepresentation of Racial Minorities in Golf Within the United States Academic Article uri icon


  • Copyright National Association for Kinesiology in Higher Education (NAKHE). In the current U.S. economy, leaders in the golf business are increasingly concerned with the long-term growth potential for the game, particularly at the recreational level. Adding to that concern is the underrepresentation of Blacks and Hispanics who participate in golf at a time when the latter group is demonstrating exponential growth in the U.S. population. This article examines those and other factors that are contributing to the declining trend in golf participation by using a three-level analytic framework. Specific examples of factors at each level are discussed along with strategies for research and practice.

published proceedings

  • Quest

author list (cited authors)

  • Rosselli, A., & Singer, J. N.

citation count

  • 4

complete list of authors

  • Rosselli, Anthony||Singer, John N

publication date

  • January 2015

published in