Effects of functional oils and monensin on cattle finishing programs11This experiment was supported by Oligo Basics USA LLC, Wilmington, DE.
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© 2013 American Registry of Professional Animal Scientists. The use of functional oils (FO; Essential) and ionophores on cattle feedlot performance, carcass characteristics, and economic analysis was evaluated. Angus and Angus crossbred steers were assigned to 5 treatments: control (CON); monensin (MON); monensin + FO low dosage (MON+FL); FO low dosage (FL); and FO high dosage (FH; n = 48/ treatment; 6/rep). Daily DMI was not affected (P > 0.05) by FO, and MON improved ADG and G:F when compared with FL and FH (P < 0.05). Dressing percentage for the FH treatment was larger than for MON and FL (P < 0.05). Longissimus muscle area of FH cattle was the largest of all treatments and differed from that of MON (P < 0.05). Backfat thickness was not different (P > 0.05) among treatments. Cattle on the MON+FL treatment yielded the best cutability and differed from MON (P < 0.05). Quality grade was not different (P > 0.05) among treatments. Diets with FO increased the percentage of Choice and Prime carcasses, and FH yielded the largest percentage of Prime grade carcasses, differing from CON and MON+FL (P < 0.05) but not from MON and FL (P > 0.05). Sensory panel evaluations were unaffected by treatments (P > 0.05). Using actual costs and prices, profitability was numerically highest for MON+FL. In annual and seasonal price scenarios, profitability favored FH. Carcass price provided the greatest effect on profitability. Thus, the use of FO may provide a viable alternative to ionophores in feedlot cattle.
author list (cited authors)
Purevjav, T., Hoffman, M. P., Ishdorj, A., Conover, A. J., Jedlicka, M. E., Prusa, K., Torrent, J., & Pusillo, G. M.