The selective non‐catalytic reduction of nitric oxide using ammonia at up to 15% oxygen
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Selective non‐catalytic reduction of nitric oxide (NO) using ammonia was studied with up to 15% (by volume) oxygen at 102 kPa. The experiments were conducted in an electrically heated laminar‐flow, quartz reactor using mixtures of N 2 , O 2 , NO, and CO to simulate exhaust gas. The base case condition included 330 ppmv of NO, 495 ppmv of NH 3 , and 15% O 2 . At a reactor temperature of 1050 K, 77% of the NO was removed. For a lower oxygen concentration of 1%, the NO removal was as high as 98% at 1100 K. The degraded performance at high oxygen concentrations is attributed to increases in the oxidation reactions. A major result of this work was the quantification of the amount of N 2 O in the treated gases. For the base case conditions, 21 ppmv of N 2 O was measured for a reactor temperature of 1075 K. Increasing the ratio of NH 3 to NO (by increasing the NH 3 concentration) increased the maximum NO removal and decreased the temperature at which this level of NO removal was achieved. For the higher NH 3 concentrations, however, the N 2 O concentration increased to as high as 54 ppmv. The oxidation products of ammonia (in the absence of NO) for these conditions were found to include first N 2 O beginning at 900 K and then NO beginning at 1050 K. Comparisons between these experimental results and predictions from the Miller and Bowman (1989) model indicate that further enhancements of the model may be necessary to incorporate the features of high oxygen conditions. Copyright © 1995 Canadian Society for Chemical Engineering
author list (cited authors)
Caton, J. A., Narney, J. K., Cariappa, H. C., & Laster, W. R.