Chemical stability of acai fruit (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) anthocyanins as influenced by naturally occurring and externally added polyphenolic cofactors in model systems
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The influence of different classes of naturally occurring and externally added polyphenolic cofactors on the phytochemical and colour stability of anthocyanins in aai fruit (Euterpe oleracea) was investigated. Model systems were based on anthocyanin isolates from aai fruit, rich in cyanidin-3-rutinoside (311 27 mg/l) and cyanidin-3-glucoside (208 18 mg/l), and isolated groups of naturally occurring polyphenolic cofactors in aai fruit (phenolic acids, procyanidins, and flavone-C-glycosides, each adjusted to 50 mg/l). Anthocyanin degradation kinetics were assessed as a function of pH (3.0, 3.5, and 4.0) and storage temperature (5, 20 and 30 C). During storage, anthocyanins experienced pH and temperature-dependent losses, and the half life cyanidin-3-rutinoside (t1/2 = 2.67-210 days) was consistently longer than cyanidin-3-glucoside (t1/2 = 1.13-144 days). The presence of flavone-C-glycosides induced significant hyperchromic shifts and enhanced anthocyanin stability at all pH and temperature combinations, while no significant effects were attributed to the presence of phenolic acids or procyanidins. Additional models using externally added cofactors from rooibos tea, also rich in flavone-C-glycosides, resulted in up to 45.5% higher anthocyanin colour and up to 40.7% increased anthocyanin stability compared to uncopigmented anthocyanin isolates and had similar copigmentation effects to a commercial rosemary-based colour enhancer. Results suggest flavone-C-glycosides offer potential for their use as colour enhancers and stabilizing agents in products rich in cyanidin glycosides, particularly aai fruit-containing foods, juice blends, and beverages. 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
author list (cited authors)
Pacheco-Palencia, L. A., & Talcott, S. T.
complete list of authors
Pacheco-Palencia, Lisbeth A||Talcott, Stephen T