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In summary, the laparoscopic assisted surgical procedures described above provide the bigginning laparoscopic surgeon simple techniques for performing minimally invasive surgery without the need for advanced laparoscopic technical skills. As with any laparoscopic procedure, the surgeon must be attentive to detail to avoid complications, and must be prepared to convert any laparoscopic-assisted procedure to an "open" procedure if the need arises.
Advances in Small Animal Medicine and Surgery
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