The parasporal inclusion of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. shandongiensis: Characterization and screening for insecticidal activity Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The parasporal body of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. shandongiensis was characterized in terms of its structure, protein composition, and toxicological properties against several types of insects. The crystals of B. thuringiensis shandongiensis appear to consist of a major protein of 144 kDa present in an spherical inclusion, as determined by transmission electron microscopy, titration curve analysis, and SDS-PAGE of the solubilized crystals. A second protein of ca. 60 kDa is present in trace amounts and appears to be associated with a small bar-shaped inclusion. The 144-kDa protein has been characterized by isoelectric point determination, N-terminal amino acid sequence analysis, amino acid analysis, and immunological cross reactivity. Its N-terminal amino acid sequence differed from that of other B. thuringiensis crystal proteins. The 144-kDa protein was not immunologically related to the crystal proteins of two toxic serovars (B. thuringiensis israelensis and B. thuringiensis kurstaki HD-1) and one nontoxic serovar (B. thuringiensis indiana), as shown in immunoblots probed with antiserum raised against the 144-kDa B. thuringiensis shandongiensis protein, the B. thuringiensis israelensis crystal proteins, and the trypsin resistant fragment of B. thuringiensis kurstaki P1 proteins. In contrast to most B. thuringiensis serovars, B. thuringiensis shandongiensis crystals did not dissolve at pH 12. Solubilization was achieved in sodium bicarbonate at pH 8.3 and in the presence of 25 mM dithiothreitol.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

author list (cited authors)

  • Pietrantonio, P. V., & Gill, S. S.

citation count

  • 16

publication date

  • May 1992