Process integration technology review: background and applications in the chemical process industry Academic Article uri icon


  • AbstractProcess integration is a holistic approach to process design and operation which emphasizes the unity of the process. Process integration design tools have been developed over the past two decades to achieve process improvement, productivity enhancement, conservation in mass and energy resources, and reductions in the operating and capital costs of chemical processes. The primary applications of these integrated tools have focused on resource conservation, pollution prevention and energy management. Specifically, the past two decades have seen the development and/or application of process integration design tools for heat exchange networks (HENs), wastewater reduction and water conservation networks, mass exchange networks (MENs), heat and energyinduced separation networks (HISENs and EISENs), waste interception networks (WINs) and heat and energyinduced waste minimization networks (HIWAMINs and EIWAMINs), to name a few. This paper provides an overview of some of these developments and outlines major driving forces and hurdles. The fundamental aspects of this approach along with their incorporation in an overall design methodology will be discussed. The paper also highlights several recent applications of process integration to industrial processes. Copyright 2003 Society of Chemical Industry

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Dunn, R. F., & El-Halwagi, M. M.

citation count

  • 138

complete list of authors

  • Dunn, RF||El-Halwagi, MM

publication date

  • September 2003