Sustainable Integration of Trigeneration Systems with Heat Exchanger Networks
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A novel superstructure-based approach for synthesizing sustainable trigeneration systems (i.e., heating, cooling, and power generation cycles) integrated with heat exchanger networks is presented in this paper. The trigeneration system accounts for steam and organic Rankine cycles and an absorption refrigeration cycle. The steam Rankine cycle can be driven by multiple primary energy sources (i.e., solar, biofuels, and fossil fuels) for sustainable generation of power and process heating. The waste energy from the steam Rankine cycle and/or the excess of process heat can be used to drive both the organic Rankine cycle and the absorption refrigeration cycle to produce power and process cooling below the ambient temperature, respectively. The synthesis problem is formulated as a multiobjective mixed-integer nonlinear programming problem for the simultaneous consideration of the economic, environmental, and social dimensions of sustainability. Two example problems are presented to show the applicability of the proposed methodology. 2014 American Chemical Society.