Optimal design of macroscopic water networks under parametric uncertainty Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. The efficient use of water worldwide is of overriding importance due to its vital role in life. Recently, several countries have suffered water scarcity mainly due to population increase and problems associated to climate change such as the change in the precipitation patterns in the world. In this project, a mathematical programming model for the efficient and sustainable use of water under parametric uncertainty is proposed. The model considers rainwater harvesting (which includes catchment, storage and distribution) as alternative water source; it also considers sustainability aspects from the economic and environmental points of view, maximizing the revenue from the sales of water minus the cost of production and treatment, while maintaining desirable levels of water in the natural reservoirs. The uncertainty is a result of the change in the precipitation patterns. The proposed model is applied to a case study for the city of Morelia, Michoacán in Mexico, considering a time horizon of 5 years. Results show the optimal schedule for water storage and distribution to different sectors of the society (public, agricultural and industrial users). It was found that the use of alternative water sources such as harvested rainwater, along with an appropriate planning schedule of storage and distribution might help reduce the pressure over natural reservoirs even under conditions of uncertainty in the precipitation, while satisfying the water demands in a city.

author list (cited authors)

  • Nápoles-Rivera, F., Rojas-Torres, M. G., Ponce-Ortega, J. M., Serna-González, M., & El-Halwagi, M. M.

citation count

  • 26

publication date

  • February 2015