Optimal Design of Multiplant Cogeneration Systems with Uncertain Flaring and Venting
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2016 American Chemical Society. This paper presents an optimization approach for designing cogeneration systems using flares and vents under abnormal conditions from different industrial plants. The aim of the proposed approach is to enhance resource conservation by utilizing waste flares and vents to produce power and heat while reducing the negative environmental impact associated with discharging these streams into the atmosphere. A nonlinear optimization model is proposed to determine the optimal design of the cogeneration system that maximizes the net profit of the system. The model addresses the inevitable uncertainties associated with the abnormal situations leading to venting and flaring. A random generations approach based on historical data and a computationally efficient algorithm are introduced to facilitate design under uncertainty and to enable the assessment of different scenarios and solutions with various levels of risk. A case study is presented to show the applicability of the proposed model and the feasibility of using cogeneration systems to mitigate flaring and venting and to reduce the environmental impact and operating costs.