Monte Carlo modeling for implantable fluorescent analyte sensors. Academic Article uri icon


  • A Monte Carlo simulation of photon propagation through human skin and interaction with a subcutaneous fluorescent sensing layer is presented. The algorithm will facilitate design of an optical probe for an implantable fluorescent sensor, which holds potential for monitoring many parameters of biomedical interest. Results are analyzed with respect to output light intensity as a function of radial distance from source, angle of exit for escaping photons, and sensor fluorescence (SF) relative to tissue autofluorescence (AF). A sensitivity study was performed to elucidate the effects on the output due to changes in optical properties, thickness of tissue layers, thickness of the sensor layer, and both tissue and sensor quantum yields. The optical properties as well as the thickness of the stratum corneum, epidermis, (tissue layers through which photons must pass to reach the sensor) and the papillary dermis (tissue distal to sensor) are highly influential. The spatial emission profile of the SF is broad compared that of the tissue fluorescence and the ratio of sensor to tissue fluorescence increases with distance from the source. The angular distribution of escaping photons is more concentrated around the normal for SF than for tissue AF. The information gained from these simulations will be helpful in designing appropriate optics for collection of the signal of interest.

published proceedings

  • IEEE Trans Biomed Eng

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • McShane, M. J., Rastegar, S., Pishko, M., & Cot, G. L.

citation count

  • 45

complete list of authors

  • McShane, MJ||Rastegar, S||Pishko, M||Coté, GL

publication date

  • May 2000