Physiologically based toxicokinetics of serum aflatoxin B1-lysine adduct in F344 rats
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Aflatoxin B(1)-lysine adduct (AFB-Lys) is a reliable biomarker for aflatoxin exposure; however, a systematic toxicokinetic evaluation has not been reported. In this study, male F344 rats were orally exposed to single, or repeated, doses of AFB(1) and the toxicokinetics of serum AFB-Lys that followed treatments were investigated. A single-dose of AFB(1) increased serum AFB-Lys levels rapidly peaking at 4h, followed by first-order elimination, through which the half-life was estimated to be 2.31 days. A physiologically based pharmacokinetic model showed that approximately 3.00-3.90% and 1.12-1.98% of the administered AFB(1) doses were converted to serum AFB-Lys adducts at 2h and 24h post treatment, respectively. Repeated AFB(1) exposure at 5-25 μg/kg body weight linearly increased serum AFB-Lys levels for 5 weeks in animals, resulting in a 1-1.5 times higher AFB-Lys level overall. This indicates the potential of this adduct as a reliable biomarker for repeated low dose exposure. Higher dose exposure at 75 μg/kg increased the level of AFB-Lys to a maximum at 2 weeks, followed by a gradual decrease to near plateau level up to 5 weeks. In conclusion, this study systematically evaluated the toxicokinetics of serum AFB-Lys adduct in F344 rats using a physiologically based pharmacokinetic model and robust statistical modeling analysis and provided a firm and clear understanding of the toxicokinetics of this biomarker.
author list (cited authors)
Qian, G., Tang, L., Wang, F., Guo, X., Massey, M. E., Williams, J. H., Phillips, T. D., & Wang, J.
complete list of authors
Qian, Guoqing||Tang, Lili||Wang, Franklin||Guo, Xia||Massey, Michael E||Williams, Jonathan H||Phillips, Timothy D||Wang, Jia-Sheng